Transparency Index


What does this index include?

The new Computer Mediated Government Transparency Index (T-Index) produced by ERCAS in 2021 measures transparency as the existence of accessible (free of cost) public information required to deter corruption and enable public accountability in a society. The De Jure index reviews legal transparency (a country’s transparency legislation), and de the De Facto Index rates 14 essential websites for the coverage and accessibility of data. The 14 websites were selected using the categories of transparency described in the United Nations Convention (UNCAC) against Corruption and Sustainable Development Goal16. A fraction of the De Facto index (Administrative Transparency is included in the Index for Public Integrity.

De jure transparency

(laws and treaties)

  • UNCAC ratification
  • Membership to Open Government Partnership (OGP)
  • FOI act present in national legislation
  • Ratification of either the OECD Convention against Bribery of International Officials, Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI), World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Global Procurement (GPA), or the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)
  • Part of the Financial Action Task Force against Money Laundering or equivalent.
  • Open ownership commitment

De facto transparency

(open, free and comprehensive data)

  • Online information about Supreme Courts’ hearing schedules and agenda, enabling participation to public sessions
  • Online Supreme Courts’ decisions with motivations of sentences (including abuse of service or corruption sentences)
  • Online searchable database of legislation (official gazette or legal repository)
  • Online detailed publication of past expenditures (from previous fiscal year)
  • Online detailed publication of current public expenditures (budget tracker)
  • Online public procurement portal including tender announcements and award notices
  • Online disclosure of international aid (ODA) allocation (either as recipient or donor, or both)
  • Online disclosure of existing mining concessions
  • Online disclosure of building permits at least for the country’s capital city
  • Online searchable land register with ownership information for all properties
  • Online searchable register of commerce with public shareholder information
  • Online disclosure of financial declarations for public officials
  • Online disclosure of conflict of interest declarations for public officials
  • Online reports of the Supreme Audit Institution (at least annual report) offering detailed information on audit results

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).
Please cite Alina Mungiu-Pippidi (2022) "Transparency and Corruption: Measuring real transparency by a new index" Regulation and Governance. DOI: 10.1111/rego.1250.
When using individual components of the Index of Public Integrity , please also cite the original sources as indicated in this methodology paper.

Read more on Methodology: T-index